Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Electrical and Power Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Electrical Eng. Dep.


Nowadays, the power distribution companies are working in a competitive atmosphere. Therefore, a major goal for electricity distribution managers is to provide the electrical energy with high reliability level with considering the economic issues.
The Reliability- centered maintenance (RCM) is an efficient way of realizing this aim and improving the network maintenance processes. This approach is an operative step to improve the reliability of critical equipment and overall system performance which may reduce the costs of utilities.
This paper, by using RCM provides a practical model for maintenance scheduling by considering the economic risk function and the budget restriction based on the cost of preventive maintenance (PM) and value of lost load (VOLL). In this method, PM schedules are proposed based on failure causes of different network elements. Studied elements include overhead lines, underground cables and power switches (circuit breaker (CB), manual and remote control switches (RCSs)). Failure cause and average repair time of each element is determined through data mining in geographical information system (GIS) and ENOX. For more realistic modeling and the consideration of the network loads’ uncertainties, the fuzzy triangular method is used. Due to the inconsistency between the problem’s goals, the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA II) is employed. Results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.


Main Subjects

[1] GL Crellin, TD Matteson, and AD Smith, "Use of
Reliability-Centered Maintenance for the McGuire Nuclear
Station Feedwater System" EPRI, 1986.
[2] M Rivera, DL Walker, C Daharsh, "Achieving Maintenance
Operations Excellence through the RCM Program", In 2014
Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, pp. 1-7, IEEE,
[3] H Mirsaeedi, A Fereidunian, SM Mohammadi-
Hosseininejad, and H Lesani, "Electricity DistributionSystem Maintenance Budgeting: A Reliability-Centered
Approach", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol.33,
no.4, pp.1599-1610, 2018.
[4] H Mirsaeedi, A Fereidunian, SM Mohammadi-
Hosseininejad, P Dehghanian, and H. Lesani, "Long-TermMaintenance Scheduling and Budgeting in Electricity
Distribution Systems Equipped With Automatic Switches" ,
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 14, no. 5,
[5] D Lazecký, V Král, S Rusek, and R. Goňo, "Software
Solution Design for Application of Reliability Centered
Maintenance in Preventive Maintenance Plan", Electric
Power Engineering (EPE), pp. 1-4, 2017.
[6] of Wind Turbines – A Holistic Approach for a Sustainable
and Cost-Optimal Maintenance Strategy", In 2017 2nd
International Conference on System Reliability and Safety
(ICSRS), pp. 160-164, 2017.
[7] HA Khorshidi, I Gunawan, and MY Ibrahim, "Reliability
Centered Maintenance using System Dynamics Approach",
In 2015 IEEE International Conference on Industrial
Technology (ICIT), pp. 1932-1936, 2015.
[8] R Arya, "Ranking of Feeder sections of Distribution
Systems for Maintenance Prioritization Accounting
Distributed Generations and Loads using Diagnostic
Importance factor (DIF)", International Journal of ElectricalPower & Energy Systems, pp.70-77, 2016.
[9] P Dehghanian, M Fotuhi-Firuzabad, F Aminifar, and R
Billinton, "A Comprehensive Scheme for Reliability
Centered Maintenance in Power Distribution Systems-Part
I: Methodology", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery,
vol. 28, pp. 761-770, 2013.
[10] P Dehghanian, M Fotuhi-Firuzabadi, F Aminifar, and RBillinton, "A Comprehensive Scheme for Reliability-
Centered Maintenance in Power Distribution Systems-PartII: Numerical Analysis", IEEE Transactions on Power
Delivery, vol. 28, pp. 771-778, 2013.
[11] S Natti and M Kezunovic, "A Risk-Based Decision
Approach for Maintenance Scheduling Strategies for
Transmission System Equipment", In Proceedings of the
10th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods
Applied to Power Systems, pp. 1-6, 2008.
[12] JH Heo, MK Kim, GP Park, YT Yoon, JK Park, SS Lee ,
and DH Kim, "A Reliability-Centered Approach to an
Optimal Maintenance Strategy in Transmission Systems
Using a Genetic Algorithm", IEEE Transactions on Power
Delivery, vol. 26, pp. 2171-2179, 2011.
[13] A Suebsomran and S Talabgeaw, "Critical Maintenance of
Thermal Power Plant using the Combination of failure
mode effect analysis and AHP approaches", King
Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok
International Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
vol. 3, no.3, pp. 1-6, 2010.
[14] C Novoa, T Jin, "Reliability Centered Planning for
Distributed Generation considering wind power volatility",
Electric Power Systems Research, vol.81, no.8, pp.1654-
1661, 2011.
[15] K Fischer, F Besnard, and L Bertling, "Reliability-Centered
Maintenance for Wind Turbines Based on Statistical
Analysis and Practical Experience", IEEE Transactions on
Energy Conversion, vol. 27, no.1, pp. 184-195, 2012.
[16] F Carazas and G de Souza, "Availability analysis of Gas
Turbines Used in Power Plants", International Journal of
Thermodynamics, vol. 12, no.1, pp. 28-37, 2009.
[17] L Bertling, R Allan, R Eriksson, "A Reliability-centered
Asset Maintenance Method for Assessing the Impact of
Maintenance in Power Distribution Systems", IEEE
Transaction on Power Systems, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 75-82,
[18] L Bertling, "Reliability Centered Maintenance for Electric
Power Distribution Systems" Doctoral Dissertation,
Elektrotekniska System, 2002.
[19] P Dehghanian, M Fotuhi-Firuzabadi, F Aminifar, MS
khomami, "Investigation of the Current Maintenance
Experiences in Power Distribution Utility of Iran", 22nd
International Conference on Electricity Distribution
Stockholm, 2013.
[20] H Asadi-Bagal, Y Nouri-Soltanabad, M Dadjuo, K Wakil,and N Ghadimi, "Risk-assessment of photovoltaic-wind-
battery-grid based large industrial consumer usinginformation gap decision theory", Solar Energy, Vol.
169, no.15, pp.343-352, 2018.
[21] MR Haghifam, H Falaghi, and OP Malik , "Risk-based
distributed generation placement" IET Generation,
Transmission & Distribution, vol. 2, no,2, pp. 252 – 260,
[22] SH Chung, CL Henry, TH George, and IP Wai Hung,
"Optimization of system reliability in multi-factory
production networks by maintenance approach." Expert
Systems with Applications, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 10188-10196,2009.
[23] DS Popovic, ZN Popovic, "A risk management procedure
for supply restoration in distribution networks", IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems, vol.19, no.1, pp.221-228,
[24] J Ramirez-Rosado, JA Domigez-Navaro, "Possibilistic
model based on fuzzy sets for the multiobjective optimal
planning of electric power distribution networks", IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems, vol.19, no.4, pp.1801-
1810, 2004.
[25] J Ramirez-Rosado and JA Domigez-Navaro, "Distribution
planning of electrical energy using fuzzy models,"
International Journal. of Power and Energy Systems, vol. 16,
no. 2, pp. 49-55, 1996.
[26] J Nazarko, and W Zalewski, "The fuzzy regression
approach to peak load estimation in power distribution
systems", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol.14,
no.3, pp.809-814, 1999.
[27] R Billinton, and RN Allan, "Reliability Evaluation of Power
Systems. 2nd edition, Plenum Press, New York, 1996.
[28] H Falaghi, MR Haghifam, and M Parsa-Moghadam,
"Distributed Generation Sources Placement in Electric
Power Distribution Networks under Uncertainty", Iranian
Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE),
vol.17, no.1, 2009.
[29] U Singh, and SN Singh, " Optimal Feature Selection
via NSGA-II for Power Quality Disturbances
Classification", IEEE Transactions on Industrial
Informatics, vol.14, no.7, pp.2994-3002, 2018.
[30] IS Bae, JO Kim, JC Kim, and C Sing, "Optimal Operating
Strategy For Distributed Generation Considering Hourly
Reliability Worth", IEEE Transactions on Power
System,vol.19, no,1, pp.287-292, 2004.
[31] B Amanulla, S Chakrabarti, SN Singh, "Reconfiguration of
Power Distribution Systems Considering Reliability and
Power Loss", IEEE Transactions on Power
Delivery,vol.27,no.2, 2012.