Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar Branch, Shabestar, Iran.

2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.


Abstract- An Electric Vehicle Battery Charger (EVBC) faces serious challenges as continuous charging voltage ripple, charging speed, input voltage level variations, and its ability to adapt to the Battery State of Charge (BSOC). A proper controller has an important role to prepare all the mentioned above. A nonlinear one such as sliding mode controller (SMC) is eminently suitable for solving these issues. Therefore, an improved SMC, to take control of a DC/DC boost converter as an EVBC, is presented in this work. This proposed controller has a more robust structure in the input voltage significant variations than the other SMCs. Therefore, this provides the capability to apply various kinds of power supplies as input voltages in EVBC stations. The EVBC power and battery voltage/capacity are assumed 14 kW and 400V/60Ah, respectively in this converter. The simulation results in Matlab Simulink verify the controller’s high performance compared with the other SMCs.


Main Subjects

[1] A.V. J. S. Praneeth, and Sh. S Williamson, A Review of
Front End AC-DC Topologies in Universal Battery Charger
for Electric Transportation,” 2018 IEEE Transportation
Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC), DOI:

30, August 2018.

[2] M. Y. Metwly, M. S. Abdel-Majeed, A. S. Abdel-Khalik, R .A
Hamedy, and M. S. Hamad, A Review of Integrated
On-Board EV Battery Chargers Advanced Topologies
Recent Developments and Optimal Selection of FSCW Slot
Pole Combination,” IEEE Access, pp. 85216 8524206, DOI:

, May 2020.

[3] S. Kumar, and A. Usman, A Review of Converter Topologies
for Battery Charging Applications in Plug-in Hybrid Electric
Vehicles,” 2018 IEEE Industry Application Society Annual
Meeting (IAS), DOI:
10.1109/IAS.2018.8544609, 29
November 2018.

[4] A. Taheri, and N. Asghari, Sliding Mode Control of LLC
Resonant DC-DC Converter for Wide output voltage Range in
Battery Charging Applications,” 2019 International Journal of
Industrial Electronics (IECO), pp. 127-136, DOI:

, April 2019.
[5] M. R. Shokoohinia, and M. M. Fateh, Model-free tracking
control via adaptive dynamic sliding mode control with
application to robotic systems,” 2020 International Journal of
Industrial Electronics (IECO), DOI: 10.22111/ieco.2020.
31596.1207, 2020.

[6] J. Keighobadi, and M. M. Fateh, Adaptive Robust Tracking
Control Based on Back stepping Method for Uncertain Robotic
Manipulators Including Motor Dynamics,” 2020 International
Journal of Industrial Electronics (IECO), DOI: 10.22111/
ieco.2020.31792.1213, 2020.

[7] A. Noori, M. A. Sadrnia, and M. B. Naghibi-Sistani, Fault
Tolerant Control of Blood Glucose Concentration Using
Reinforcement Learning,” 2020 International Journal of
Industrial Electronics (IECO), pp. 353-364 DOI: 10.22111/
ieco.2020.31719.1217, July 2020.

[8] A. Tiwari, O. Jaga, and Sh. Singh Soni, Sliding mode
controller based interleaved boost converter for fuel cell,”

2017 Recent Developments in Control, Automation & Power
Engineering (RDCAPE)
, DOI: 10.1109/RDCAPE. 2017.
, 14 May 2018.

[9] F. Z. Belhaj, H. El Fadil, A. Tahri, K. Gaouzi, A. Rachid, and
F. Giri Sliding mode control of cascade boost converter for
fuel cell energy generation system,”
2017 International
Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies
, DOI: 10.1109/EITech.2017.8255239, 15 January

[10] V. M. Iyer, S. Gulur, and S. Bhattacharya, Variable dc bus
control for a bidirectional on-board EV charger,”
2017 IEEE
6th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research
and Applications (ICRERA)
, DOI: 10.1109/ICRERA.2017.
, 14 December 2017.

[11] D. Patil, and V. Agarwal, Compact on-board single-phase EV
battery charger with novel low frequency ripple compensator
and optimum filter design,”
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular
, Vol. 65, No. 4, DOI: 10.1109 / TVT. 2015.
, 21 April 2015.

[12] A. Karaarslan, The analysis of average sliding control method
applied on Sheppard-Taylor power factor correction
converter,” Electronics Engineering (2013) 95:255265 DOI
10.1007/s00202-012-0257-3, 23 September 2012.

[13] A. Mallik, J. Lu, and A. Khaligh, Sliding mode control of
single phase interleaved totem-pole PFC for electric vehicle
on-board chargers,” 2018 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular
Technology, Vol. 67,
No. 9, pp. 8100-8109, DOI: 10. 1109/
TVT.2018.2848238, 18 June 2018.

[14] P. Guerriero, M. Coppola, D. Lauria, and S. Daliento, PWM
Based Sliding Mode Control of a fast charger for super
2020 International Symposium on Power
Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion
, DOI: 10.1109/SPEEDAM48782.2020.9161872,
7 August 2020.

[15] A. Verma, B. Singh, A. Chandra, and K. Al-Haddad, An
Implementation of Solar PV Array Based Multifunctional EV
2018 IEEE Transportation Electrification
Conference and Expo (ITEC)
, DOI: 10.1109 / ITEC. 2018.
, 30 August 2018.

[16] J. Ackermann, and V. Utkin, Sliding mode control design
based on Ackermann's formula,”
IEEE Transactions on
Automatic Control
Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 234237, DOI:
, , Feb 1998.

[17] R. Redl, N. O. Sokal, Current-mode control, five different
types, used with the three basic classes of power converter:
Small-signal AC and large-signal DC characterization,
stability requirements, and implementation of practical
circuits,” 1985 IEEE Power Electronics Specialists
, DOI: 10.1109/PESC.1985.7071020, 30 March

[18] Siew-Chong Tan&Yuk-Ming Lai&Chi Kong Tse, Sliding
Mode Control of Switching Power Converters-Techniques and
Implementation,” Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742© 2012 by
Taylor & Francis Group, 2012.