Investigating Reliability of Smart Electrical Grids Considering Self-healing in Presence of Distributed Generation Resources

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Electrical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Razi Univerity, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Electrical Engineering Departments, Engineering Faculty, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

The advent of DG and SEGs has led to fundamental changes in various fields of power system operation. The current paper is aimed to investigate the reliability of SEGs considering DGRs based on the self-healing concept. Due to the emergence of new uncertainties in the power system resulted from the presence of DGRs, this paper is dedicated to comparing network reliability indices before and after the entry of DGRs and analyzing their effect on improving network reliability. To do so, improving the indices based on customer satisfaction, such as reducing the SAIFI, and SAIDI, is evaluated. More specifically, the improvement of the most important index based on load and energy, namely energy not supplied (ENS), is investigated. To do this, the MCS method is used given the pdf of the samples due to the presence of uncertainty created by the presence of DGRs, demanded load change and network restoration time after the presence of DG. Also, after providing an appropriate model for problem analysis, results of applying this model to the case study system are investigated using reliability indices. Subsequently, in order to improve performance of the system, impacts of the changes of various parameters on the given indices are reported. One of the most important points in this regard is to investigate the impacts of the changes in the system configuration on the results. It is observed that self-healing positively affects the reduction of the electrical energy restoration time as well as the system reliability.

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